Gallieni, Joseph-Simon

(1849-1916)
   military figure, administrator
   Born in Saint-Béat and educated at saint-cyr, Joseph-Simon Gallieni saw his first military service in the franco-prussian war (1870-71). From 1877 to 1881, he participated in the military campaign and exploration of the upper Niger River region that resulted in the extension of French influence in western Africa. After three years in Martinique, Gallieni became governor of Upper Senegal (1886) and later (1896) served as a military commander in Madagascar, where he then served as governor-general until 1905. There, he reestablished French control and instituted a program of economic development. on his return to France, he was made a general, and soon (1906), military governor of lyon. At the beginning of World War I, he was chosen to lead the military government of Paris (1914). General Gallieni played a decisive role in the battle of the marne (September 1914), during the course of which he organized the transporting of French troops to the front by taxis and other means, and he was credited with saving Paris. He served as minister of war (1915-16) in the cabinet of Prime Minister aristide briand and was awarded the title marshal of France posthumously in 1921. Gallieni described his life and military and administrative career in his writings.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gallieni, Joseph-Simon — ▪ French military officer born April 24, 1849, Saint Béat, Fr. died May 27, 1916, Versailles  French army officer figure who successfully directed the pacification of the French Sudan and Madagascar and the integration of those African… …   Universalium

  • Gallieni, Joseph Simon — born April 24, 1849, Saint Béat, France died May 27, 1916, Versailles French army officer. As governor of the French Sudan (1886–88), he successfully combated rebel Sudanese forces. After service in Indochina (1892–96), he returned to Africa as… …   Universalium

  • Gallieni, Joseph Simon — (24 abr. 1849, Saint Béat, Francia–27 may. 1916, Versalles). Oficial del ejército francés. Como gobernador del Sudán francés (1886–88), combatió con éxito a las fuerzas rebeldes sudanesas. Después de servir en Indochina (1892–96), regresó a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph Simon Gallieni — (* 24. April 1849 in Saint Beat; † 27. Mai 1916 in Versailles) war ein französischer General und Gouverneur von Madagaskar. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Simon Gallieni — Joseph Gallieni Joseph Gallieni Naissance 24 avril 1849 Saint Béat, France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gallieni — Joseph Simon Gallieni Joseph Simon Gallieni (* 24. April 1849 in Saint Beat; † 27. Mai 1916 in Versailles) war ein französischer General und Gouverneur von Madagaskar. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Gallieni — Mariscal Lealtad Ejército de Francia Condecoraciones …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joseph Gallieni — Joseph Simon Gallieni Joseph Simon Gallieni (* 24. April 1849 in Saint Béat, Haute Garonne; † 27. Mai 1916 in Versailles) war ein französischer General, Gouverneur von Madagaskar und Kriegsminister. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GALLIENI (J.-S.) — GALLIENI JOSEPH SIMON (1849 1916) Né le 24 avril 1849 à Saint Béat (Haute Garonne), fils d’officier, Joseph Simon Gallieni fit ses études au prytanée militaire de La Flèche, intégra l’École spéciale militaire de Saint Cyr en 1868 et en sortit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Galliēni — Galliēni, Joseph Simon, franz. General, geb. 24. April 1849 in St. Béat (Obergaronne), wurde 1870 Unterleutnant und kämpfte bei Bazeilles. 1878 wurde er nach dem Senegal geschickt; 1880 drang er mit nur 30 Spahis bis zum Niger vor und bestimmte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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